Multicenter study to determine disk diffusion and broth microdilution criteria for prediction of high- and low-level mupirocin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus

Jana M. Swenson, Betty Wong, Andrew E. Simor, Richard B. Thomson, Mary Jane Ferraro, Dwight J. Hardy, Janet Hindler, James Jorgensen, L. Barth Reller, Maria Traczewski, Linda K. McDougal, Jean B. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mupirocin susceptibility testing of Staphylococcus aureus has become more important as mupirocin is used more widely to suppress or eliminate S. aureus colonization and prevent subsequent health care- and community-associated infections. The present multicenter study evaluated two susceptibility testing screening methods to detect mupirocin high-level resistance (HLR), broth microdilution (BMD) MICs of ≥512 μg/ml, and a 6-mm zone diameter for a disk diffusion (DD) test with a 200-μg disk. Initial testing indicated that with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methods for BMD and DD testing, the optimal conditions for the detection of mupirocin HLR were 24 h of incubation and reading of the DD zone diameters with transmitted light. Using the presence or absence of mupA as the "gold standard" for HLR, the sensitivity and specificity of a single-well 256 μg/ml BMD test were 97 and 99%, respectively, and those for the 200-μg disk test were 98 and 99%, respectively. Testing with two disks, 200 μg and 5 μg, was evaluated for its ability to distinguish HLR isolates (MICs ≥ 512 μg/ml), low-level-resistant (LLR) isolates (MICs = 8 to 256 μg/ml), and susceptible isolates (MICs ≤ 4 μg/ml). Using no zone with both disks as an indication of HLR and no zone with the 5-μg disk plus any zone with the 200-μg disk as LLR, only 3 of the 340 isolates were misclassified, with 3 susceptible isolates being classified as LLR. Use of standardized MIC or disk tests could enable the detection of emerging high- and low-level mupirocin resistance in S. aureus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2469-2475
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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    Swenson, J. M., Wong, B., Simor, A. E., Thomson, R. B., Ferraro, M. J., Hardy, D. J., Hindler, J., Jorgensen, J., Reller, L. B., Traczewski, M., McDougal, L. K., & Patel, J. B. (2010). Multicenter study to determine disk diffusion and broth microdilution criteria for prediction of high- and low-level mupirocin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of clinical microbiology, 48(7), 2469-2475. https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00340-10