Multi-photon laser scanning microscopy using an acoustic optical deflector

James D. Lechleiter, Da Ting Lin, Use Sieneart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Multi-photon laser scanning microscopes have many advantages over single-photon systems. However, the speed and flexibility of currently available multi-photon microscopes are limited by the use of mechanical mirrors to steer pulsed radiation for fluorophore excitation. Here, we describe the multi-photon adaptation of a confocal microscope that uses an acoustic optical deflector (AOD) for beam steering. AODs are capable of very rapid scanning and, in addition, offer the flexibility of zooming, panning, and being adjustable for slow image acquisition. Because of the highly dispersive nature of AODs, pulsed radiation must be temporally compressed by introducing negative dispersion into the beam path. More critically, pulsed radiation must also be spatially compressed by introducing lateral dispersion into the beam path. This was accomplished by using two prisms in the external beam path and by introducing a third prism element subsequent to the AOD. The end result is an AOD-based multi-photon microscope that is capable of rapid imaging of physiological events as well as slow detection of weakly fluorescent biological samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2292-2299
Number of pages8
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics


Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-photon laser scanning microscopy using an acoustic optical deflector'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this