MRI evaluation of fatty liver in day to day practice: Quantitative and qualitative methods

Kiran Gangadhar, Kedar N. Chintapalli, Gilbert Cortez, Sandhya Vinu Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intracellular fat accumulation is a common feature of liver disease. Steatosis is the histological hallmark of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) but also may occur with alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis, HIV and genetic lipodystrophies, and chemotherapy. This condition is common in the Western population and is typically associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Early diagnosis and early treatment of NAFLD are important to prevent the development of end-stage liver disease and cancer. In addition, liver fat is a risk factor for postoperative complications after liver resection and transplantation. MRI has become a primary modality to assess hepatic steatosis, both qualitatively and quantitatively. In this article we discuss various MRI methods for evaluation of hepatic steatosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-626
Number of pages8
JournalEgyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

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Keywords

  • Chemical shift imaging
  • Hepatic steatosis
  • MRI liver
  • MRI methods
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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