Most Facial Fractures Do Not Require Surgical Intervention

Mary Katherine Spinella, Jason P. Jones, Megan A. Sullivan, Felix Jose Amarista, Edward Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Literature describing the number of patients that had a facial fracture that required surgical intervention in the United States is very limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the percentage of patients who required surgical intervention after presenting to a Level 1 Trauma Center with 1 or more facial fractures. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of all patients who presented with facial fracture(s) to University Hospital, a Level 1 Trauma Center (San Antonio, Texas), over a 5-year period from July 2015 to July 2020. Patients' charts that had 1 or more International Classification of Diseases 10 codes pertaining to facial fractures were collected. Cases were subdivided by fracture location: mandible, midface, upper face, or a combination of any of the aforementioned locations (predictor variables). After subdividing based on location, each chart was then reviewed and separated based on whether or not surgical intervention was provided (primary outcome variable). Data were tabulated and analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Over the 5-year period, 3,416 patients presented with facial fractures. Of the 3,126 patients who survived their injuries and were not lost to follow-up, the vast majority (80.9%) did not require surgical intervention for their facial fractures. Mandible fractures required surgical intervention, whether isolated or in combination, much more frequently than in patients who did not have any type of mandible fracture (RR 8.01, 95% CI 6.92-9.27, P < .05 and RR 4.60, 95% CI 3.42-6.18, P < .05, respectively). Patients aged 50 years or less were also more likely to receive surgical intervention than those aged 51 years and more (RR 1.98 95% CI 1.63-2.41, P < .05). Conclusions: The vast majority of facial fractures that present to a Level 1 Trauma Center do not require surgical intervention. Patients who present with any type of mandible fracture and are aged 50 years or less are more likely to need surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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