Mortality in captive baboons (Papio spp.): A-23-year study

Edward J. Dick, Michael A. Owston, John M. David, R. Mark Sharp, Scott Rouse, Gene B. Hubbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: We report the causes of mortality for 4350 captive baboons that died or were euthanized due to natural causes during a 23year period at the Southwest National Primate Research Center. Methods: Necropsy records were retrieved and reviewed to determine a primary cause of death or indication for euthanasia. Data was evaluated for morphological diagnosis, organ system, and etiology. Results: The 20 most common morphologic diagnoses accounted for 76% of the cases, including stillborn (10.8%); colitis (8.6%); hemorrhage (8.4%); ulcer (5.2%); seizures (4.7%); pneumonia (4.2%); inanition (4.1%); dermatitis (3.8%); spondylosis (3.3%); and amyloidosis (3.0%). The digestive system was most frequently involved (21.3%), followed by the urogenital (20.3%), cardiovascular (12.2%), and multisystem disease (10.3%). An etiology was not identified in approximately one-third of cases. The most common etiologies were trauma (14.8%), degenerative (9.5%), viral (8.7%), and neoplastic/proliferative (7.0%). Conclusion: This information should be useful for individuals working with baboons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-196
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of medical primatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Age at death
  • Cancer
  • Disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Lifespan
  • Morbidity
  • Nonhuman primate
  • Pathology
  • Spontaneous
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)


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