Mortality differences between elderly Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites in San Antonio, Texas

D. V. Espino, E. O. Parra, R. Kriehbiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify differences in causes of death between elderly Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic whites (NHW). Design: Retrospective death certificate review. Subjects: Elderly Mexican Americans and non- Hispanic Whites age 65 and over who died in Bexar County, Texas during 1989. Measures: Data obtained from chart review included age, sex, race/ethnicity, and cause of death. Age-adjusted and cause-specific mortality rates, odds ratios (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Mexican Americans were at greater risk of dying in nine of the thirty causes of death examined. The mortality rates of MA subjects were higher than those of NHW from death caused by diabetes (OR = 3.19, CI = 2.27-4.49), renal failure (OR = 2.06, CI = 1.44-2.94), congestive heart failure (OR = 1.50, CI = 1.44-2.94), and multiple systemic diseases (OR = 2.59, CI = 1.89-3.57). Among the male subjects, MA had a greater risk than NHW of dying from myocardial infarction (OR = 1.83, CI = 1.15-2.90), coronary disease (OR = 1.37, CI = 1.07-1.75) and septicemia/pyuria (OR = 2.12, CI = 1.09-4.10). Among female subjects, MA had a greater likelihood of dying from cirrhosis (OR = 3.03, CI = 1.00-9.29). For only one of the causes of death was the risk lower among MA than NHW: MA female subjects had a lesser chance of dying from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than NHW females (OR = 0.36, CI = 0.18-0.72). Conclusion: Mexican American elders have a greater risk of dying from non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and renal failure than their NHW counterparts. Elderly MA men have a greater risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than their NHW counterparts. Mexican American women may have a greater risk of dying from cirrhosis, but a lower risk of dying from complications of COPD. Finally, death from ill defined causes, such as multiple systemic diseases, may be a major under-acknowledged cause of death among older MA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-608
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume42
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1994

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Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Mortality
Cause of Death
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Renal Insufficiency
Fibrosis
Pyuria
Death Certificates
Hispanic Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Coronary Disease
Sepsis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Failure
Myocardial Infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Mortality differences between elderly Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites in San Antonio, Texas. / Espino, D. V.; Parra, E. O.; Kriehbiel, R.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 42, No. 6, 1994, p. 604-608.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Mortality differences between elderly Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites in San Antonio, Texas",
abstract = "Objective: To identify differences in causes of death between elderly Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic whites (NHW). Design: Retrospective death certificate review. Subjects: Elderly Mexican Americans and non- Hispanic Whites age 65 and over who died in Bexar County, Texas during 1989. Measures: Data obtained from chart review included age, sex, race/ethnicity, and cause of death. Age-adjusted and cause-specific mortality rates, odds ratios (OR), and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Mexican Americans were at greater risk of dying in nine of the thirty causes of death examined. The mortality rates of MA subjects were higher than those of NHW from death caused by diabetes (OR = 3.19, CI = 2.27-4.49), renal failure (OR = 2.06, CI = 1.44-2.94), congestive heart failure (OR = 1.50, CI = 1.44-2.94), and multiple systemic diseases (OR = 2.59, CI = 1.89-3.57). Among the male subjects, MA had a greater risk than NHW of dying from myocardial infarction (OR = 1.83, CI = 1.15-2.90), coronary disease (OR = 1.37, CI = 1.07-1.75) and septicemia/pyuria (OR = 2.12, CI = 1.09-4.10). Among female subjects, MA had a greater likelihood of dying from cirrhosis (OR = 3.03, CI = 1.00-9.29). For only one of the causes of death was the risk lower among MA than NHW: MA female subjects had a lesser chance of dying from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than NHW females (OR = 0.36, CI = 0.18-0.72). Conclusion: Mexican American elders have a greater risk of dying from non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and renal failure than their NHW counterparts. Elderly MA men have a greater risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than their NHW counterparts. Mexican American women may have a greater risk of dying from cirrhosis, but a lower risk of dying from complications of COPD. Finally, death from ill defined causes, such as multiple systemic diseases, may be a major under-acknowledged cause of death among older MA.",
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T1 - Mortality differences between elderly Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites in San Antonio, Texas

AU - Espino, D. V.

AU - Parra, E. O.

AU - Kriehbiel, R.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Objective: To identify differences in causes of death between elderly Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic whites (NHW). Design: Retrospective death certificate review. Subjects: Elderly Mexican Americans and non- Hispanic Whites age 65 and over who died in Bexar County, Texas during 1989. Measures: Data obtained from chart review included age, sex, race/ethnicity, and cause of death. Age-adjusted and cause-specific mortality rates, odds ratios (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Mexican Americans were at greater risk of dying in nine of the thirty causes of death examined. The mortality rates of MA subjects were higher than those of NHW from death caused by diabetes (OR = 3.19, CI = 2.27-4.49), renal failure (OR = 2.06, CI = 1.44-2.94), congestive heart failure (OR = 1.50, CI = 1.44-2.94), and multiple systemic diseases (OR = 2.59, CI = 1.89-3.57). Among the male subjects, MA had a greater risk than NHW of dying from myocardial infarction (OR = 1.83, CI = 1.15-2.90), coronary disease (OR = 1.37, CI = 1.07-1.75) and septicemia/pyuria (OR = 2.12, CI = 1.09-4.10). Among female subjects, MA had a greater likelihood of dying from cirrhosis (OR = 3.03, CI = 1.00-9.29). For only one of the causes of death was the risk lower among MA than NHW: MA female subjects had a lesser chance of dying from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than NHW females (OR = 0.36, CI = 0.18-0.72). Conclusion: Mexican American elders have a greater risk of dying from non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and renal failure than their NHW counterparts. Elderly MA men have a greater risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than their NHW counterparts. Mexican American women may have a greater risk of dying from cirrhosis, but a lower risk of dying from complications of COPD. Finally, death from ill defined causes, such as multiple systemic diseases, may be a major under-acknowledged cause of death among older MA.

AB - Objective: To identify differences in causes of death between elderly Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic whites (NHW). Design: Retrospective death certificate review. Subjects: Elderly Mexican Americans and non- Hispanic Whites age 65 and over who died in Bexar County, Texas during 1989. Measures: Data obtained from chart review included age, sex, race/ethnicity, and cause of death. Age-adjusted and cause-specific mortality rates, odds ratios (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Mexican Americans were at greater risk of dying in nine of the thirty causes of death examined. The mortality rates of MA subjects were higher than those of NHW from death caused by diabetes (OR = 3.19, CI = 2.27-4.49), renal failure (OR = 2.06, CI = 1.44-2.94), congestive heart failure (OR = 1.50, CI = 1.44-2.94), and multiple systemic diseases (OR = 2.59, CI = 1.89-3.57). Among the male subjects, MA had a greater risk than NHW of dying from myocardial infarction (OR = 1.83, CI = 1.15-2.90), coronary disease (OR = 1.37, CI = 1.07-1.75) and septicemia/pyuria (OR = 2.12, CI = 1.09-4.10). Among female subjects, MA had a greater likelihood of dying from cirrhosis (OR = 3.03, CI = 1.00-9.29). For only one of the causes of death was the risk lower among MA than NHW: MA female subjects had a lesser chance of dying from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than NHW females (OR = 0.36, CI = 0.18-0.72). Conclusion: Mexican American elders have a greater risk of dying from non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and renal failure than their NHW counterparts. Elderly MA men have a greater risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than their NHW counterparts. Mexican American women may have a greater risk of dying from cirrhosis, but a lower risk of dying from complications of COPD. Finally, death from ill defined causes, such as multiple systemic diseases, may be a major under-acknowledged cause of death among older MA.

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