Morphine-induced conditioned place preference and effects of morphine pre-exposure in adolescent and adult male C57BL/6J mice

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Given the increasing abuse of prescription opioids, particularly in adolescents, surprisingly few preclinical studies have explored effects of opioids in adolescents (versus adults). Objectives: This study compared the conditioned rewarding effects of morphine, without (experiment 1) and with morphine pre-exposure (experiment 2), in adolescent and adult male mice. Methods: Experiment 1: On each of three consecutive days, one of the two conditioning sessions was preceded by an injection of a particular dose of morphine (0.1, 0.32, 1, 3.2, 10, 32, or 100 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) and the other by saline; place preference was tested on day 4. Experiment 2: Mice received once daily injections of saline or a particular dose of morphine (17.8 or 56 mg/kg) for 4 days, and 3 days later, place conditioning with morphine (0.32, 1, 3.2, or 10 mg/kg) began. Results: In both experiments, morphine induced conditioned place preference along similar inverted U-shaped dose–response curves in adolescent and adult mice, with maximal effects between 0.32 and 10 mg/kg. Morphine pre-exposure did not sensitize morphine-induced conditioned place preference; instead, tolerance occurred, but only in adults. Adolescents were more sensitive than adults to morphine-induced locomotor stimulation. Response to novelty predicted the locomotor stimulating effects of morphine in adolescents, but not its rewarding effects. Conclusions: The rewarding effects of morphine were similar in adolescent and adult mice but showed differential tolerance after morphine pre-exposure. Adolescents were more sensitive than adults to the acute locomotor stimulating effects of morphine, consistent with dopamine systems involved in locomotor activity being overactive during adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2015-2024
Number of pages10
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume233
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Conditioned place preference
  • Locomotion
  • Morphine
  • Mouse
  • Sensitization
  • Tolerance
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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