Monte Carlo modeling and commissioning of a dual-layer micro multileaf collimator

D. Giantsoudi, S. Stathakis, Y. Liu, C. Shi, N. Papanikolaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to commission a first-of-its-kind dual-layer micro multileaf collimator (mMLC) system by using Monte Carlo dose calculations. The mMLC is attached on a Varian 600C linac. Having a lower and an upper layer of MLC leaves, this mMLC allows for field shaping in two orthogonal directions. The commissioning of the system was performed in two steps: without and with the mMLC attached on the linac. The treatment head without and with the mMLC was modeled in the BEAMnrc Monte Carlo (MC) code. The scoring planes for the phase space files were specified below the linac's secondary collimators (jaws) and above and below the mMLC. With the mMLC attached to the linac the field size was defined by the jaws as 10 × 10 cm2, which is also the maximum possible field size that can be shaped by the mMLC. For the commissioning of the linac, several fields of various sizes were simulated and compared against ionization chamber measurements in a water phantom. Output factors for several field sizes, as well as percent depth dose curves and dose profiles for rectangular and irregular shape fields, were calculated and compared against measurements in water. Agreement between measured and calculated data was better than 1% and less than 1.0 mm in the penumbra region for open fields. With the mMLC attached, the agreement between measurements and MC calculations is within 1.0% or 1.0 mm in the penumbra region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalTechnology in Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • Commissioning
  • Dual-layer mMLC
  • Monte Carlo modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Monte Carlo modeling and commissioning of a dual-layer micro multileaf collimator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this