Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a family of phospholipid autacoids with potent pro-inflammatory activities, is present in saliva. The current study has quantitated various species of PAF isolated from normal human mixed saliva. Choline-containing, sn-2 acetylated phospholipids with sn-1 ether- or ester-linked fatty alcohol/acid moieties (alkyl-PAF or acyl-PAF, respectively) were evaluated after direct defvatization with pentafluorobenzoic (PFB) anhydride. Individual species of PFB-derivatized PAF were separated by gas chromatography prior to mass spectral analysis; quantitative estimates of six different species of PAF in saliva were made by comparison to corresponding authentic, synthetic PAF standards. In each saliva sample, all six species of PAF were readily detected by this facile procedure. The predominant PAF was 1-O-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or 16:0-alkyl-PAF (0.75 ± 0.09 pmol/ml saliva; mean ± S.E.; n = 5) which represented only 30.4 ± 1.5% of the total PAR Substantial amounts of 18:1- and 18:0-alkyl-PAF and 16:0-acyl-PAF were also identified (0.52 ± 0.07, 0.35 ± 0.06, and 0.35 ± 0.02 pmol/ml saliva, respectively). In summary, mass spectrometric analysis of PAF after direct derivatization with PFB anhydride has revealed that at least six different species of PAF are present in normal human mixed saliva. This structural diversity may represent an important aspect of homeostasis in the healthy oral cavity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|State||Published - Nov 16 1995|
- Mass spectrometry
- Platelet-activating factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas