CKS-17, a heptadecapeptide corresponding to a region highly conserved in retroviral transmembrane proteins is known to be immunosuppressive both in vitro and in vivo when conjugated to a carrier protein. Here we examined the effect of the synthetic adjuvant muramyl dipeptide (MDP) on the immunosuppressive properties of CKS-17-BSA in vitro. MDP was found to abrogate CKS-17-BSA-induced inhibition of both IgM plaque-forming cell responses and antitetanus toxin IgG secretion by BALB/c mouse spleen cells immunized in vivo and in vitro by sheep red blood cells and tetanus toxoid, respectively. In contrast, the CKS-17-BSA suppression of concanavalin A-induced splenocyte proliferation was not abrogated by MDP. The data suggest that muramyl peptides could be useful as immunoadjuvants for vaccines against retrovirus-associated immunosuppressive diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine