Modifications in the carcinogen-metabolizing capacity of mouse liver treated with N-nitroso compounds

Samy L. Habib, Alaa F. Badawi, Hala A. Aweny, Mostafa H. Mostafa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


One tenth of the LD50 as a single dose of various N-nitroso compounds (N-nitrosodimethylamine; NDMA, N-nitrosodiethylamine; NDEA, N- nitrosoethylpropylamine; NEPA, N-nitrosodipropylamine; NDPA, N- nitrosomethylethylamine; NMEA, N-nitroso-methylbutylamine; NMBA and N- nitrosoethylbutylamine; NEBA) was administrated into male mice. This dose markedly increased the hepatic contents of cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5 and activities of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH). The highest increase in the activity of cytochrome P450 (+142% relative to the control value) was shown in animals treated with either N-nitrosoethylpropylamine or N-nitrosodiethylamine. On the other hand, the lowest increase in the activity (+16%) was revealed in animals treated with N-nitrosodimethylamine (not significant compared to the control value). Cytochrome b5 content was increased by 190% of the control value in mice treated with N-nitrosomethylbutylamine, while N-nitrosodibutylamine induced the lowest increase (+20%). The maximum increase (+182%) in the activity of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase was shown in animals which received N- nitrosomethylbutylamine, while the lowest increase (+23%) in animals which received N-nitrosodiethylamine. The activity of hepatic AHH was also increased above the control value in animals treated with NDMA, NEBA NDPA, NMEA and NDBA by 138, 98, 90, 89 and 69%, respectively. Identically, NADPH- cytochrome c reductase activity was increased in animals which received NEPA, NMBA, NDMA, NMEA, NDPA, NEBA and NDEA by 202, 150, 110, 95, 94, 77 and 37%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)965-969
Number of pages5
JournalOncology Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 23 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase
  • Cytochrome P450
  • N-nitroso compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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