Missed opportunities for prevention: Smoking cessation counseling and the competing demands of practice

Carlos R Jaen, Kurt C. Stange, Laurene M. Tumiel, Paul Nutting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Smoking cessation advice is an effective intervention for the control of tobacco use. The objective of this study was to assess and describe the rates of smoking status assessment and smoking cessation advice provided by physicians during ambulatory office visits with respect to physician specialty, type of visit, end number of problems addressed at the visit. METHODS. We used a cross-sectional survey of patient visits to the offices of nonfederally employed, office-based physicians participating in the 1992 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (n = 1558). RESULTS. Physicians reported knowing the smoking status of their patients in 66% of outpatient visits. The rate of assessment was similar for generalists and specialists. Cardiologists and generalists except for pediatricians showed discernible rates of smoking cessation advice (medians ranging from 14% to 50%), whereas obstetrician/gynecologists and other specialists had negligible rates. For tobacco-related visits, generalists and specialists had comparable rates of cessation advice to identified smokers. For non-tobacco-related visits, generalists had higher rates than specialists (22% vs 10%: P <.001). CONCLUSIONS. Although a substantial majority of smokers are reportedly identified by physicians during ambulatory visits, a large number of identified smokers are not receiving smoking cessation counseling. Patients seen by generalists are more likely to receive smoking cessation advice. Physicians appear to prioritize smoking cessation advice based on diagnosis at the time of the visit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-354
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Family Practice
Volume45
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Smoking Cessation
Counseling
Physicians
Office Visits
Smoking
Health Care Surveys
Physicians' Offices
Tobacco Use
Tobacco
Outpatients
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Physician practice patterns
  • Physicians, family
  • Primary health care
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Missed opportunities for prevention : Smoking cessation counseling and the competing demands of practice. / Jaen, Carlos R; Stange, Kurt C.; Tumiel, Laurene M.; Nutting, Paul.

In: Journal of Family Practice, Vol. 45, No. 4, 10.1997, p. 348-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jaen, Carlos R ; Stange, Kurt C. ; Tumiel, Laurene M. ; Nutting, Paul. / Missed opportunities for prevention : Smoking cessation counseling and the competing demands of practice. In: Journal of Family Practice. 1997 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 348-354.
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