Members of the microRNA (miR)-30 family have been reported to promote adipogenesis and inhibit osteogenesis, yet their role in the regulation of thermogenesis remains unknown. In this study, we show that miR-30b/c concentrations are greatly increased during adipocyte differentiation and are stimulated by cold exposure or the b- Adrenergic receptor activator. Overexpression and knockdown ofmiR-30b and -30c induced and suppressed, respectively, the expression of thermogenic genes such as UCP1 and Cidea in brown adipocytes. Forced expression of miR-30b/c also significantly increased thermogenic gene expression and mitochondrial respiration in primary adipocytes derived from subcutaneous white adipose tissue, demonstrating a promoting effect of miRNAs on the development of beige fat. In addition, knockdown of miR-30b/c repressed UCP1 expression in brown adipose tissue in vivo. miR-30b/c targets the 39-untranslated region of the receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140), and overexpression of miR-30b/c significantly reduced RIP140 expression. Consistent with RIP140 as a target of miR-30b/c in regulating thermogenic gene expression, overexpression of RIP140 greatly suppressed the promoting effect of miR-30b/c on the expression of UCP1 and Cidea in brown adipocytes. Taken together, the data from our study identify miR-30b/c as a key regulator of thermogenesis and uncover a new mechanism underlying the regulation of brown adipose tissue function and the development of beige fat.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism