Minimal effects of intravenous administration of xenogeneic adipose derived stem cells on organ function in a porcine 40% TBSA burn model

Tiffany C. Heard, Belinda I. Gómez, Micaela E. Saathoff, Jamila Duarte, Michael A. Dubick, James A. Bynum, Robert J. Christy, David M. Burmeister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adipose stem cells (ASCs) have shown therapeutic promise for various conditions, including burn injury. While ASCs have immunomodulatory properties, concerns exist over pro-coagulant activity after intravenous (IV) administration. In the present study, we examined IV human ASC delivery in terms of coagulation, organ function, and inflammation in a 40% total body surface area (TBSA) swine burn model. Anesthetized female Yorkshire swine were burned and randomized to receive 15 ml/kg Lactated Ringer's containing: no ASCs; a low dose (5 × 105 ASCs/kg); or a high dose (5 × 106 ASCs/kg). For biochemical analysis, blood was collected at baseline (BL), 3, 6, 12, and 24 h post-burn, while kidney and liver tissue was collected post-euthanasia. A significant, but transient, effect of ASCs was seen on prothrombin times and INR, wherein low doses revealed slight hypercoagulation. Burns increased partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen, and d-dimer levels, which was unchanged with ASC administration. ASCs tended to exacerbate increases in bilirubin at 3 h, but this didn't reach statistical significance. A significant effect of ASCs on creatinine and BUN was seen, wherein low doses elevated levels at 24 h (creatinine, P = 0.0012; BUN, P = 0.0195). Hepatic and renal TUNEL staining were similar for all groups. A dose-dependent decrease in IL-8 was observed, while low doses significantly increased IL-1RA at 3h (P = 0.050), IL-12 at 12h (P = 0.021) and IL-6 at 24 h post-burn (P = 0.035). IV administration of xenogeneic ASCs slightly increased coagulation, but effects on burn-induced renal and hepatic dysfunction effects were minimal. Despite some significant immunomodulation, organ dysfunction effects were modest. Collectively, this study provides evidence to be skeptical about xenogeneic ASC administration in regards to burns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-879
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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