Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists: a Comprehensive Review of Finerenone

Juan Simon Rico-Mesa, Averi White, Ashkan Ahmadian-Tehrani, Allen S. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose of Review: We aim to review the mechanism of action and safety profile of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) and discuss the differences between selective and non-selective MRAs. More specifically, finerenone is a new medication that is currently under investigation for its promising cardiovascular and nephrological effects. Recent Findings: MRAs are well known for their utility in treating heart failure, refractory hypertension, and diverse nephropathies, namely, diabetic nephropathy. As their name denotes, MRAs inhibit the action of aldosterone at the mineralocorticoid receptor, preventing receptor activation. This prevents remodeling, decreases inflammation, and improves proteinuria. There are not significant differences in outcomes between selective and non-selective MRAs. A new selective MRA named finerenone (originally BAY 94-8862) has shown promising results in several trials (ARTS-HF and ARTS-DN) and smaller studies. Finerenone may have a dose-dependent benefit over older MRAs, decreasing rates of albuminuria and levels of BNP and NT-ProBNP without causing a significant increase in serum potassium levels. This medication is not yet approved as it is still in phase 3 clinical trials (FIGARO-DKD and FIDELIO-DKD trials). Summary: MRAs are beneficial in several disease states. Newer medications, such as finerenone, should be considered in patients with heart failure and diabetic nephropathy who may benefit from a reduction in albuminuria and BNP/NT-ProBNP. Data surrounding finerenone are limited to date. However, results from ongoing clinical trials, as well as new trials to evaluate use in other pathologies, could validate the implementation of this medication in daily practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number140
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Aldosterone
  • BAY 94-8862
  • Eplerenone
  • Finerenone
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists
  • Spironolactone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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