OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, prognostic factors, and secondary management of stent migration in patients with malignant esophageal strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective study was performed in a single tertiary referral university hospital to identify the incidence, management, and prognostic factors for stent migration in 332 consecutive patients with placement of a retrievable expandable metallic stent. Stent migration was classified into four patterns as locations of a migrated stent: pattern I, partially migrated in the proximal direction; pattern II, partially migrated in the distal direction; pattern III, completely migrated into the stomach; and pattern IV, completely migrated into the bowel. RESULTS. Stent migration occurred in 42 (12.6%) of 332 patients. Migration was partial (n = 21) or complete (n = 21), and nine (21%), 12 (29%), 11 (26%), and 10 (24%) patients had patterns I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified the following prognostic factors: esophagogastric junction strictures caused by cancer of the gastric cardia (odds ratio 1.330; p = 0.004), patients who underwent anticancer treatment after stent placement (17.514; p <0.001), and patients with a longer survival time (1.994; p <0.001). Secondary management was needed for 33 of 42 patients. The strictures in the remaining nine patients improved throughout follow-up. CONCLUSION. Stent migration occurs most commonly in patients with cancer of the gastric cardia, patients with longer survival time, and those who underwent anticancer treatment after stent placement. Stent migration is successfully managed by further intervention. Accurate knowledge of the pattern of stent migration is important for successful management.
- Esophageal stenosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging