Microvascular and Systemic Impact of Resuscitation with PEGylated Carboxyhemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carrier or Hetastarch in a Rat Model of Transient Hemorrhagic Shock

William H. Nugent, Forest R. Sheppard, Michael A. Dubick, Ramon F. Cestero, Daniel N. Darlington, Ronald Jubin, Abe Abuchowski, Bjorn K. Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable, traumatic death. Currently, prehospital resuscitation fluids provide preload but not oxygen-carrying capacity - a critical blood function that mitigates microvascular ischemia and tissue hypoxia during hemorrhagic shock. Solutions containing polymerized hemoglobin have been associated with vasoactive and hypertensive events. A novel hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, modified with PEGylation and CO moieties (PEG-COHb), may overcome these limitations.Objectives:To evaluate the systemic and microcirculatory effects of PEG-COHb as compared with the 6% hetastarch in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock.Methods:Male Sprague Dawley rats (N=20) were subjected to severe, controlled, hemorrhagic shock. Animals were randomized to 20% estimated blood-volume resuscitation with either 6% hetastarch or PEG-COHb. Continuous, invasive, cardiovascular measurements, and arterial blood gases were measured. Microcirculatory measurements of interstitial oxygenation (PISFO2) and vasoactivity helped model oxygen delivery in the spinotrapezius muscle using intravital and phosphorescence quenching microscopy.Results:Hemorrhage reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP), arteriolar diameter, and PISFO2, and increased lactate 10-fold in both groups. Resuscitation with both PEG-COHb and hetastarch improved cardiovascular parameters. However, PEG-COHb treatment resulted in higher MAP (P<0.001), improved PISFO2(14 [PEG-COHb] vs. 5 [hetastarch] mmHg; P<0.0001), lower lactate post-resuscitation (P<0.01), and extended survival from 90 to 142 min (P<0.001) as compared with the hetastarch group.Conclusions:PEG-COHb improved MAP PISFO2, lactate, and survival time as compared with 6% hetastarch resuscitation. Importantly, hypertension and vasoactivity were not detected in response to PEG-COHb resuscitation supporting further investigation of this resuscitation strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-502
Number of pages10
JournalShock
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Carboxyhemoglobin
  • hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier
  • hemorrhagic shock
  • interstitial oxygenation
  • microcirculation
  • phosphorescence quenching microscopy
  • resuscitation
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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