Background:Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable, traumatic death. Currently, prehospital resuscitation fluids provide preload but not oxygen-carrying capacity - a critical blood function that mitigates microvascular ischemia and tissue hypoxia during hemorrhagic shock. Solutions containing polymerized hemoglobin have been associated with vasoactive and hypertensive events. A novel hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, modified with PEGylation and CO moieties (PEG-COHb), may overcome these limitations.Objectives:To evaluate the systemic and microcirculatory effects of PEG-COHb as compared with the 6% hetastarch in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock.Methods:Male Sprague Dawley rats (N=20) were subjected to severe, controlled, hemorrhagic shock. Animals were randomized to 20% estimated blood-volume resuscitation with either 6% hetastarch or PEG-COHb. Continuous, invasive, cardiovascular measurements, and arterial blood gases were measured. Microcirculatory measurements of interstitial oxygenation (PISFO2) and vasoactivity helped model oxygen delivery in the spinotrapezius muscle using intravital and phosphorescence quenching microscopy.Results:Hemorrhage reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP), arteriolar diameter, and PISFO2, and increased lactate 10-fold in both groups. Resuscitation with both PEG-COHb and hetastarch improved cardiovascular parameters. However, PEG-COHb treatment resulted in higher MAP (P<0.001), improved PISFO2(14 [PEG-COHb] vs. 5 [hetastarch] mmHg; P<0.0001), lower lactate post-resuscitation (P<0.01), and extended survival from 90 to 142 min (P<0.001) as compared with the hetastarch group.Conclusions:PEG-COHb improved MAP PISFO2, lactate, and survival time as compared with 6% hetastarch resuscitation. Importantly, hypertension and vasoactivity were not detected in response to PEG-COHb resuscitation supporting further investigation of this resuscitation strategy.
- hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier
- hemorrhagic shock
- interstitial oxygenation
- phosphorescence quenching microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine