Micronuclei in the blood and bone marrow cells of mice exposed to specific complex time-varying pulsed magnetic fields

Siddharth B. Reddy, Julie Weller, Dawn Desjardins-Holmes, Tara Winters, Lynn Keenliside, Frank S. Prato, Thomas J. Prihoda, Vijayalaxmi, Alex W. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


For 8 weeks, adult CD-1 male mice were continuously exposed to complex time-varying pulsed magnetic fields (PMF) generated in the horizontal direction by a set of squar eHelmholtz coils. The PMF were <1000 Hz and delivered at a peak flux density of 1mT. Sham-exposed mice were kept in a similar exposure system without a PMF. Positive control animals exposed to 1 Gy gamma radiation were also included in the study. Blood samples were collected before (time 0) and at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks. All mice were euthanized at the end of 8 weeks and their bone marrow was collected. From each blood and bone marrow sample, smears were prepared on microscope slides, fixed in absolute methanol, air-dried, and stained with acridine orange. All slides were coded and examined using a fluorescence microscope. The extent of genotoxicity and cytotoxicity was assessed from the incidence of micronuclei (MN) and percent polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) in the blood and bone marrow, respectively. The data indicated that both indices in PMF-exposed mice were not significantly different from those observed in sham-exposed animals. In contrast, positive control mice exhibited significantly increased MN, and decreased percentages of PCE in both tissues. Thus, the overall data suggested that 8weeks of continuous exposure to PMF did not induce significantly increased genotoxicity and cytotoxicity in experimental mice. Further investigations are underway using other genotoxicity assays (comet assay, γ-H2AX foci, and chromosomal aberrations) to assess genotoxicity following PMF exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-453
Number of pages9
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Cytotoxicity
  • Genotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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