Mice deficient in both Mn superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase-1 have increased oxidative damage and a greater incidence of pathology but no reduction in longevity

Yiqiang Zhang, Yuji Ikeno, Wenbo Qi, Asish Chaudhuri, Yan Li, Alex Bokov, Suzanne R. Thorpe, John W. Baynes, Charles Epstein, Arlan Richardson, Holly Van Remmen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

To test the impact of increased mitochondrial oxidative stress as a mechanism underlying aging and age-related pathologies, we generated mice with a combined deficiency in two mitochondrial-localized antioxidant enzymes, Mn superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and glutathione peroxidase-1 (Gpx-1). We compared life span, pathology, and oxidative damage in Gpx1-/-, Sod2+/-Gpx1+/-, Sod2+/-Gpx1- /-, and wild-type control mice. Oxidative damage was elevated in Sod2+/-Gpx1-/- mice, as shown by increased DNA oxidation in liver and skeletal muscle and increased protein oxidation in brain. Surprisingly, Sod2+/-Gpx1-/- mice showed no reduction in life span, despite increased levels of oxidative damage. Consistent with the important role for oxidative stress in tumorigenesis during aging, the incidence of neoplasms was significantly increased in the older Sod2 +/-Gpx1-/- mice (28-30 months). Thus, these data do not support a significant role for increased oxidative stress as a result of compromised mitochondrial antioxidant defenses in modulating life span in mice and do not support the oxidative stress theory of aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1212-1220
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume64
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Longevity
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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