Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation and microarray-based analysis: detection of DNA methylation in breast cancer cell lines.

Yu I. Weng, Tim H.M. Huang, Pearlly S. Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The methylated DNA immunoprecipitation microarray (MeDIP-chip) is a genome-wide, high-resolution approach to detect DNA methylation in whole genome or CpG (cytosine base followed by a guanine base) islands. The method utilizes anti-methylcytosine antibody to immunoprecipitate DNA that contains highly methylated CpG sites. Enriched methylated DNA can be interrogated using DNA microarrays or by massive parallel sequencing techniques. This combined approach allows researchers to rapidly identify methylated regions in a genome-wide manner, and compare DNA methylation patterns between two samples with diversely different DNA methylation status. MeDIP-chip has been applied successfully for analyses of methylated DNA in the different targets including animal and plant tissues. Here we present a MeDIP-chip protocol that is routinely used in our laboratory, illustrated with specific examples from MeDIP-chip analysis of breast cancer cell lines. Potential technical pitfalls and solutions are also provided to serve as workflow guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
Volume590
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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