Methods for improved detection of oxacillin resistance in coagulase- negative staphylococci: Results of a multicenter study

Fred C. Tenover, Ronald N. Jones, Jana M. Swenson, Barbara Zimmer, Sigrid McAllister, James H. Jorgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

A multilaboratory study was undertaken to determine the accuracy of the current National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) oxacillin breakpoints for broth microdilution and disk diffusion testing of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) by using a PCR assay for mecA as the reference method. Fifty well-characterized strains of CoNS were tested for oxacillin susceptibility by the NCCLS broth microdilution and disk diffusion procedures in 11 laboratories. In addition, organisms were inoculated onto a pair of commercially prepared oxacillin agar screen plates containing 6 μg of oxacillin per ml and 4% NaCl. The results of this study and of several other published reports suggest that, in order to reliably detect the presence of resistance mediated by mecA, the oxacillin MIC breakpoint for defining resistance in CoNS should be lowered from ≥4 to ≥0.5 μg/ml and the breakpoint for susceptibility should be lowered from ≤2 to ≤0.25 μg/ml. In addition, a single disk diffusion breakpoint of ≤17 mm for resistance and ≥18 mm for susceptibility is suggested. Due to the poor sensitivity of the oxacillin agar screen plate for predicting resistance in this study, this test can no longer be recommended for use with CONS. The proposed interpretive criteria for testing CoNS have been adopted by the NCCLS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4051-4058
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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