Metallopeptidase inhibition potentiates bradykinin-induced hyperalgesia

Ruben Gomez, Elaine D. Por, Kelly A. Berg, William P. Clarke, Marc J. Glucksman, Nathaniel A. Jeske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The neuropeptide bradykinin (BK) sensitizes nociceptor activation following its release in response to inflammatory injury. Thereafter, the bioactivity of bradykinin is controlled by the enzymatic activities of circulating peptidases. One such enzyme, the metalloendopeptidase EC3.4.24.15 (EP24.15), is co-expressed with bradykinin receptors in primary afferent neurons. In this study, using approaches encompassing pharmacology, biochemistry, cell biology, and behavioral animal models, we identified a crucial role for EP24.15 and the closely related EP24.16 in modulating bradykinin-mediated hyperalgesia. Pharmacological analyses indicated that EP24.15 and EP24.16 inhibition significantly enhances bradykinin type-2 receptor activation by bradykinin in primary trigeminal ganglia cultures. In addition, bradykinin-induced sensitization of TRPV1 activation was increased in the presence of the EP24.15/16 inhibitor JA-2. Furthermore, behavioral analyses illustrated a significant dose-response relationship between JA-2 and bradykinin-mediated thermal hyperalgesia. These results indicate an important physiological role for the metallopeptidases EP24.15 and EP24.16 in regulating bradykinin-mediated sensitization of primary afferent nociceptors. Metalloendopeptidases EP24.15 and EP24.16 regulate inflammatory sensitization of primary afferent nociceptors by mediating bradykinin type-2 receptor activation by bradykinin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1548-1554
Number of pages7
JournalPain
Volume152
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

Keywords

  • Bradykinin
  • EP24.15
  • EP24.16
  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Trigeminal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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