Purpose: To assess the technical feasibility and clinical effectiveness of placement of expandable metallic stents in patients with recurrent cancer after a gastrojejunostomy. Materials and Methods: Data from 39 consecutive patients who had undergone metallic stent placement for recurrent malignant obstruction after a gastrojejunostomy were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty patients underwent a distal gastrectomy with a gastrojejunostomy with (n = 10) or without (n = 20) jejunojejunostomy, two patients underwent distal gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, and seven patients underwent a palliative gastrojejunostomy with (n = 5) or without (n = 2) jejunojejunostomy. A total of 57 metallic stents were used in this study: four bare stents, 29 partially covered stents, and 24 fully covered stents. Types of obstruction were classified into 12 patterns and types of stent placement were classified into 16 patterns. Results: Stent placement was technically successful in all patients. After stent placement, 35 of the 39 patients (90%) experienced improvement of their symptoms, two showed no change, and the remaining two showed aggravation of symptoms as a result of faulty stent placement. Two patients treated with stent placement only in the afferent loop died of aspiration pneumonia. In one of two patients who underwent stent placement according to pattern 6, afferent loop syndrome occurred 10 days after stent placement and was treated by percutaneous pigtail catheter drainage. Stent migration occurred in four of 24 fully covered stents, but in none of the bare or partially covered stents. Tumor ingrowth occurred in one of four bare stents, tumor overgrowth in one of 29 partially covered stents, and mucosal prolapse in one of 24 fully covered stents; all were treated with a second stent placement. Conclusions: Placement of expandable metallic stents in patients with recurrent cancer after a gastrojejunostomy seems to be feasible and effective, but accurate knowledge of the type of surgical procedure performed and determination of the pattern of tumor recurrence are important for successful stent placement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine