Metabolic reprogramming of alloantigen-activated T cells after hematopoietic cell transplantation

Hung D. Nguyen, Shilpak Chatterjee, Kelley M.K. Haarberg, Yongxia Wu, David Bastian, Jessica Heinrichs, Jianing Fu, Anusara Daenthanasanmak, Steven Schutt, Sharad Shrestha, Chen Liu, Honglin Wang, Hongbo Chi, Shikhar Mehrotra, Xue Zhong Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alloreactive donor T cells are the driving force in the induction of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), yet little is known about T cell metabolism in response to alloantigens after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Here, we have demonstrated that donor T cells undergo metabolic reprograming after allogeneic HCT. Specifically, we employed a murine allogeneic BM transplant model and determined that T cells switch from fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) and pyruvate oxidation via the tricarboxylic (TCA) cycle to aerobic glycolysis, thereby increasing dependence upon glutaminolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway. Glycolysis was required for optimal function of alloantigen-activated T cells and induction of GVHD, as inhibition of glycolysis by targeting mTORC1 or 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) ameliorated GVHD mortality and morbidity. Together, our results indicate that donor T cells use glycolysis as the predominant metabolic process after allogeneic HCT and suggest that glycolysis has potential as a therapeutic target for the control of GVHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1337-1352
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume126
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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