Meta-analysis on the Effectiveness of ECG Screening for Conditions Related to Sudden Cardiac Death in Young Athletes

Nicolas K. Goff, Alexander Hutchinson, Wouter Koek, Deepak Kamat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Controversy exists over the use of electrocardiograms (ECGs) in sports pre-participation screening. We performed a meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness of history and physical examination (H&P) with ECG at detecting both cardiac disease and sudden cardiac death–associated conditions (SCD-AC). Pre-participation studies published from 2015 to 2020 with athletes 10 to 35 years old were included. This yielded 28 011 athletes screened and 124 cardiac diagnoses, 103 of which were SCD-AC. A meta-analysis of log odds ratios (ORs) was conducted using a random-effects model. The ORs for the association between H&P and detecting both cardiac disease and SCD-AC were not statistically significant (OR = 3.4, P =.076; OR = 2.9, P =.078). The ORs for the association between ECG and detecting both cardiac disease and SCD-AC were statistically significant (60, P <.001; 148, P <.0001). In conclusion, the odds of detecting both cardiac disease and conditions related to SCD with ECG are greater than with H&P during sports pre-participation screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1158-1168
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • adolescent medicine
  • cardiology
  • general pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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