Mesangial cell biology

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mesangial cells originate from the metanephric mesenchyme and maintain structural integrity of the glomerular microvascular bed and mesangial matrix homeostasis. In response to metabolic, immunologic or hemodynamic injury, these cells undergo apoptosis or acquire an activated phenotype and undergo hypertrophy, proliferation with excessive production of matrix proteins, growth factors, chemokines and cytokines. These soluble factors exert autocrine and paracrine effects on the cells or on other glomerular cells, respectively. MCs are primary targets of immune-mediated glomerular diseases such as IGA nephropathy or metabolic diseases such as diabetes. MCs may also respond to injury that primarily involves podocytes and endothelial cells or to structural and genetic abnormalities of the glomerular basement membrane. Signal transduction and oxidant stress pathways are activated in MCs and likely represent integrated input from multiple mediators. Such responses are convenient targets for therapeutic intervention. Studies in cultured MCs should be supplemented with in vivo studies as well as examination of freshly isolated cells from normal and diseases glomeruli. In addition to ex vivo morphologic studies in kidney cortex, cells should be studied in their natural environment, isolated glomeruli or even tissue slices. Identification of a specific marker of MCs should help genetic manipulation as well as selective therapeutic targeting of these cells. Identification of biological responses of MCs that are not mediated by the renin-angiotensin system should help development of novel and effective therapeutic strategies to treat diseases characterized by MC pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)979-985
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume318
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2012

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Fibrosis
  • Kidney
  • Mesangial cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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