Mentoring strategies to support diversity in research-focused junior faculty: A scoping review

Joni S. Williams, Rebekah J. Walker, Kaylin M. Burgess, L. Aubree Shay, Susanne Schmidt, Joel Tsevat, Jennifer A. Campbell, Aprill Z. Dawson, Mukoso N. Ozieh, Shane A. Phillips, Leonard E. Egede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this scoping review is two-fold: to assess the literature that quantitatively measures outcomes of mentorship programs designed to support research-focused junior faculty and to identify mentoring strategies that promote diversity within academic medicine mentoring programs. Methods: Studies were identified by searching Medline using MESH terms for mentoring and academic medicine. Eligibility criteria included studies focused on junior faculty in research-focused positions, receiving mentorship, in an academic medical center in the USA, with outcomes collected to measure career success (career trajectory, career satisfaction, quality of life, research productivity, leadership positions). Data were abstracted using a standardized data collection form, and best practices were summarized. Results: Search terms resulted in 1,842 articles for title and abstract review, with 27 manuscripts meeting inclusion criteria. Two studies focused specifically on women, and four studies focused on junior faculty from racial/ethnic backgrounds underrepresented in medicine. From the initial search, few studies were designed to specifically increase diversity or capture outcomes relevant to promotion within academic medicine. Of those which did, most studies captured the impact on research productivity and career satisfaction. Traditional one-on-one mentorship, structured peer mentorship facilitated by a senior mentor, and peer mentorship in combination with one-on-one mentorship were found to be effective strategies to facilitate research productivity. Conclusion: Efforts are needed at the mentee, mentor, and institutional level to provide mentorship to diverse junior faculty on research competencies and career trajectory, create a sense of belonging, and connect junior faculty with institutional resources to support career success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere21
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Science
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 2023

Keywords

  • Mentoring
  • clinical research
  • diversity
  • junior faculty
  • scoping review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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