Melatonin and tryptophan counteract lipid peroxidation and modulate superoxide dismutase activity in ringdove heterophils in vivo. Effect of antigen-induced activation and age

Sergio D. Paredes, Ignacio Bejarano, María Pilar Terrón, Carmen Barriga, Russel J. Reiter, Ana B. Rodríguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging is associated with an increased production of free radicals and alterations in the mechanisms of adaptation to stress. A number of studies have shown a causal connection between age-related oxidant/antioxidant imbalance and the diminution of an organism's melatonin levels in old age. Restoration of this rhythm may contribute to the re-stabilization of cellular homeostasis. The present work was aimed at examining the effect of the administration of melatonin or its precursor, the amino acid tryptophan, on heterophil lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in heterophils from young (4-5 year) and old (12-14 year) ringdoves (Streptopelia risoria) under both basal and antigen-induced (stressful) conditions. Young animals were treated for 3 consecutive days with a single daily oral dose (0.25 mg) of melatonin at 1900 hours while old animals were treated for 3 consecutive days with either an oral dose (2.5 mg) of melatonin at 1900 hours or an oral capsule of 300 mg/kg body weight of l-tryptophan at 0900 hours. Non-treated old animals presented lower circulating levels of melatonin at night and higher levels of malonaldehyde (MDA) both day and night when compared to young birds. In both age groups, LPO levels were lower at night than during the day. Melatonin or tryptophan treatments significantly increased serum melatonin levels, reinforced SOD activity, and reduced MDA levels induced by the antigen. Melatonin and tryptophan may be useful agents for the treatment of disease states and processes in which an excessive production of oxidative damage occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalAGE
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Heterophil
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Melatonin
  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Tryptophan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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