Melatonin and radioprotection from genetic damage

In vivo/in vitro studies with human volunteers

Vijayalaxmi, Russel J Reiter, Terence S. Herman, Martin L. Meltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peripheral blood samples were collected from human volunteers at 0 (5-10 min before), and at 1 and 2 h after a single oral dose of 300 mg of melatonin. At each time point, (i) the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes was determined, and (ii) the whole blood was exposed in vitro to 150 cGy of 137Cs gamma radiation, and the lymphocytes were cultured with mitogenic stimulation to determine the extent of radiation-induced genetic damage, viz., chromosome aberrations and micronuclei. For each volunteer, the results showed a significant increase in the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes at 1 h after the oral dose of melatonin, as compared to the sample collected at 0 h. The lymphocytes in the blood samples collected at 1 and 2 h after melatonin ingestion and exposed in vitro to 150 cGy gamma radiation exhibited a significant decrease in the incidence of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei, as compared with similarly irradiated lymphocytes from the blood sample collected at 0 h; the frequencies observed in the cells sampled at 2 h after the ingestion of melatonin were consistently lower when compared with those collected at 1 h. The data may have important implications for the protection of human lymphocytes from the genetic damage induced by free radical-producing mutagens and carcinogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology
Volume371
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 1996

Fingerprint

Melatonin
Volunteers
Lymphocytes
Blood
Gamma Rays
Chromosomes
Aberrations
Chromosome Aberrations
Gamma rays
Leukocytes
Radiation Genetics
Eating
Medical Genetics
Mutagens
Serum
Carcinogens
Free Radicals
In Vitro Techniques
Radiation
Incidence

Keywords

  • Chromosome aberrations
  • Gamma radiation
  • Melatonin
  • Micronuclei
  • Radioprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Melatonin and radioprotection from genetic damage : In vivo/in vitro studies with human volunteers. / Vijayalaxmi, ; Reiter, Russel J; Herman, Terence S.; Meltz, Martin L.

In: Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology, Vol. 371, No. 3-4, 20.12.1996, p. 221-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f0469a8233604d439b11f13d296a04fc,
title = "Melatonin and radioprotection from genetic damage: In vivo/in vitro studies with human volunteers",
abstract = "Peripheral blood samples were collected from human volunteers at 0 (5-10 min before), and at 1 and 2 h after a single oral dose of 300 mg of melatonin. At each time point, (i) the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes was determined, and (ii) the whole blood was exposed in vitro to 150 cGy of 137Cs gamma radiation, and the lymphocytes were cultured with mitogenic stimulation to determine the extent of radiation-induced genetic damage, viz., chromosome aberrations and micronuclei. For each volunteer, the results showed a significant increase in the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes at 1 h after the oral dose of melatonin, as compared to the sample collected at 0 h. The lymphocytes in the blood samples collected at 1 and 2 h after melatonin ingestion and exposed in vitro to 150 cGy gamma radiation exhibited a significant decrease in the incidence of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei, as compared with similarly irradiated lymphocytes from the blood sample collected at 0 h; the frequencies observed in the cells sampled at 2 h after the ingestion of melatonin were consistently lower when compared with those collected at 1 h. The data may have important implications for the protection of human lymphocytes from the genetic damage induced by free radical-producing mutagens and carcinogens.",
keywords = "Chromosome aberrations, Gamma radiation, Melatonin, Micronuclei, Radioprotection",
author = "Vijayalaxmi and Reiter, {Russel J} and Herman, {Terence S.} and Meltz, {Martin L.}",
year = "1996",
month = "12",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/S0165-1218(96)90110-X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "371",
pages = "221--228",
journal = "Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology Testing and Biomonitoring of Environmental or Occupational Exposure",
issn = "0165-1218",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Melatonin and radioprotection from genetic damage

T2 - In vivo/in vitro studies with human volunteers

AU - Vijayalaxmi,

AU - Reiter, Russel J

AU - Herman, Terence S.

AU - Meltz, Martin L.

PY - 1996/12/20

Y1 - 1996/12/20

N2 - Peripheral blood samples were collected from human volunteers at 0 (5-10 min before), and at 1 and 2 h after a single oral dose of 300 mg of melatonin. At each time point, (i) the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes was determined, and (ii) the whole blood was exposed in vitro to 150 cGy of 137Cs gamma radiation, and the lymphocytes were cultured with mitogenic stimulation to determine the extent of radiation-induced genetic damage, viz., chromosome aberrations and micronuclei. For each volunteer, the results showed a significant increase in the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes at 1 h after the oral dose of melatonin, as compared to the sample collected at 0 h. The lymphocytes in the blood samples collected at 1 and 2 h after melatonin ingestion and exposed in vitro to 150 cGy gamma radiation exhibited a significant decrease in the incidence of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei, as compared with similarly irradiated lymphocytes from the blood sample collected at 0 h; the frequencies observed in the cells sampled at 2 h after the ingestion of melatonin were consistently lower when compared with those collected at 1 h. The data may have important implications for the protection of human lymphocytes from the genetic damage induced by free radical-producing mutagens and carcinogens.

AB - Peripheral blood samples were collected from human volunteers at 0 (5-10 min before), and at 1 and 2 h after a single oral dose of 300 mg of melatonin. At each time point, (i) the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes was determined, and (ii) the whole blood was exposed in vitro to 150 cGy of 137Cs gamma radiation, and the lymphocytes were cultured with mitogenic stimulation to determine the extent of radiation-induced genetic damage, viz., chromosome aberrations and micronuclei. For each volunteer, the results showed a significant increase in the concentration of melatonin in the serum and in the leukocytes at 1 h after the oral dose of melatonin, as compared to the sample collected at 0 h. The lymphocytes in the blood samples collected at 1 and 2 h after melatonin ingestion and exposed in vitro to 150 cGy gamma radiation exhibited a significant decrease in the incidence of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei, as compared with similarly irradiated lymphocytes from the blood sample collected at 0 h; the frequencies observed in the cells sampled at 2 h after the ingestion of melatonin were consistently lower when compared with those collected at 1 h. The data may have important implications for the protection of human lymphocytes from the genetic damage induced by free radical-producing mutagens and carcinogens.

KW - Chromosome aberrations

KW - Gamma radiation

KW - Melatonin

KW - Micronuclei

KW - Radioprotection

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030596153&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030596153&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0165-1218(96)90110-X

DO - 10.1016/S0165-1218(96)90110-X

M3 - Article

VL - 371

SP - 221

EP - 228

JO - Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology Testing and Biomonitoring of Environmental or Occupational Exposure

JF - Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology Testing and Biomonitoring of Environmental or Occupational Exposure

SN - 0165-1218

IS - 3-4

ER -