Meditation and cardiovascular risk reduction a scientific statement from the American Heart Association

On behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on Hypertension

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Abstract

Despite numerous advances in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Novel and inexpensive interventions that can contribute to the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease are of interest. Numerous studies have reported on the benefits ofmeditation. Meditation instruction and practice is widely accessible and inexpensive and may thus be a potential attractive cost-effective adjunct to more traditional medical therapies. Accordingly, this American Heart Association scientific statement systematically reviewed the data on the potential benefits of meditation on cardiovascular risk. Neurophysiological and neuroanatomical studies demonstrate that meditation can have long-standing effects on the brain, which provide some biological plausibility for beneficial consequences on the physiological basal state and on cardiovascular risk. Studies of the effects ofmeditation on cardiovascular risk have included those investigating physiological response to stress, smoking cessation, blood pressure reduction, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, endothelial function, inducible myocardial ischemia, and primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Overall, studies of meditation suggest a possible benefit on cardiovascular risk, although the overall quality and, in some cases, quantity of study data are modest. Given the low costs and low risks of this intervention, meditation may be considered as an adjunct to guideline-directed cardiovascular risk reduction by those interested in this lifestyle modification, with the understanding that the benefits of such intervention remain to be better established. Further research onmeditation and cardiovascular risk iswarranted. Such studies, to the degree possible, should utilize randomized study design, be adequately powered to meet the primary study outcome, strive to achieve low drop-out rates, include long-termfollow-up, and be performed by those without inherent bias in outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere002218
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

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Keywords

  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Meditation
  • Primary prevention
  • Secondary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

On behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, & Council on Hypertension (2017). Meditation and cardiovascular risk reduction a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(10), [e002218]. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.117.002218