Owing to the potential for prolonged length of stays, increased healthcare costs, and significantly increased risk of mortality, the secondary complications of traumatic brain injury (TBI) must be recognized early and managed appropriately. Conditions such as spasticity, venous thromboembolism, paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity, neuroendocrine dysfunction, heterotopic ossification, nutritional deficits, and sleep disturbances can all negatively affect functional outcomes and community reintegration. Unfortunately, for most of these secondary complications, there is a paucity of evidence for treatment protocols in this unique population. The purpose of this chapter is to shed light on the current strategies for optimal management of secondary complications in patients with TBI and to raise awareness of controversies and limitations in practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury|
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2018|
- Traumatic brain injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas