Mediator is a transducer of Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Seokjoong Kim, Xuan Xu, Andreas Hecht, Thomas G. Boyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

250 Scopus citations


Signal transduction within the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway drives development and carcinogenesis through programmed or unprogrammed changes in gene transcription. Although the upstream events linked to signal-induced activation of β-catenin in the cytoplasm have been deciphered in considerable detail, much less is known regarding the mechanism by which β-catenin stimulates target gene transcription in the nucleus. Here, we show that β-catenin physically and functionally targets the MED12 subunit in Mediator to activate transcription. The β-catenin transactivation domain bound directly to isolated MED12 and intact Mediator both in vitro and in vivo, and Mediator was recruited to Wnt-responsive genes in a β-catenin- dependent manner. Disruption of the β-catenin/MED12 interaction through dominant-negative interference- or RNA interference-mediated MED12 suppression inhibited β-catenin transactivation in response to Wnt signaling. This study thus identifies the MED12 interface within Mediator as a new component and a potential therapeutic target in the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14066-14075
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 19 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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