Mediation of osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells on titanium surfaces by a Wnt-integrin feedback loop

Rene Olivares-Navarrete, Sharon L. Hyzy, Jung Hwa Park, Ginger R. Dunn, David A. Haithcock, Christine E. Wasilewski, Barbara D. Boyan, Zvi Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peri-implant bone formation depends on the ability of mesenchymal cells to colonize the implant surface and differentiate into osteoblasts. Human mesenchymal stem cells (HMSCs) undergo osteoblastic differentiation on microstructured titanium (Ti) surfaces in the absence of exogenous factors, but the mechanisms are unknown. Wnt proteins are associated with an osteoblast phenotype, but how Wnt signaling regulates HMSC differentiation on microstructured Ti surfaces is not known. HMSCs were cultured on tissue culture polystyrene or Ti (PT [Sa = 0.33 μm, θ = 96°], SLA [Sa = 2.5 μm, θ = 132°], modSLA [hydrophilic-SLA]). Expression of calcium-dependent Wnt ligand WNT5A increased and canonical Wnt pathway ligands decreased on microstructured Ti in a time-dependent manner. Treatment of HMSCs with canonical ligand Wnt3a preserved the mesenchymal phenotype on smooth surfaces. Treatment with Wnt5a increased osteoblastic differentiation. Expression of integrins ITGA1, ITGA2, and ITGAV increased over time and correlated with increased WNT5A expression. Treatment of HMSCs with Wnt5a, but not Wnt3a, increased integrin expression. Regulation of integrin expression due to surface roughness and energy was ablated in WNT5A-knockdown HMSCs. This indicates that surface properties regulate stem cell fate and induce osteoblast differentiation via the Wnt calcium-dependent pathway. Wnt5a enhances osteogenesis through a positive feedback with integrins and local factor regulation, particularly though BMP signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6399-6411
Number of pages13
JournalBiomaterials
Volume32
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cell signaling
  • Growth factors
  • Stem cell
  • Surface roughness
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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    Olivares-Navarrete, R., Hyzy, S. L., Park, J. H., Dunn, G. R., Haithcock, D. A., Wasilewski, C. E., Boyan, B. D., & Schwartz, Z. (2011). Mediation of osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells on titanium surfaces by a Wnt-integrin feedback loop. Biomaterials, 32(27), 6399-6411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.05.036