Mechanical loading stimulates differentiation of periodontal osteoblasts in a mouse osteoinduction model: Effect on type I collagen and alkaline phosphatase genes

D. Pavlin, S. B. Dove, R. Zadro, J. Gluhak-Heinrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of mechanical loading on the osteoblast phenotype remain unclear because of many variables inherent to the current experimental models. This study reports on utilization of a mouse tooth movement model and a semiquantitative video image analysis of in situ hybridization to determine the effect of mechanical loading on cell-specific expression of type I collagen (collagen I) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) genes in periodontal osteoblasts, using nonosseous cells as an internal standard. The histomorphometric analysis showed intense osteoid deposition after 3 days of treatment, confirming the osteoinductive nature of the mechanical signal. The results of in situ hybridization showed that in control periodontal sites both collagen I and ALP mRNAs were expressed uniformly across the periodontium. Treatment for 24 hours enhanced the ALP mRNA level about twofold over controls and maintained that level of stimulation after 6 days. In contrast, collagen I mRNA level was not affected after 24 hours of treatment, but it was stimulated 2.8-fold at day 6. This increase reflected enhanced gene expression in individual osteoblasts, since the increase in osteoblast number was small. These results indicate that (1) the mouse model and a semi-quantitative video image analysis are suitable for detecting osteoblast-specific gene regulation by mechanical loading; (2) osteogenic mechanical stress induces deposition of bone matrix primarily by stimulating differentiation of osteoblasts, and, to a lesser extent, by an increase in number of these cells; (3) ALP is an early marker of mechanically-induced differentiation of osteoblasts. (4) osteogenic mechanical stimulation in vivo produces a cell-specific 2.8-fold increase in collagen gene expression in mature, matrix-depositing osteoblasts located on the bone surface and within the osteoid layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-172
Number of pages10
JournalCalcified tissue international
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Gene regulation by mechanical stress
  • Mouse periodontium
  • Osteoblast differentiation
  • Type I collagen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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