Measuring cell proliferation in the rectal mucosa: Comparing bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) assays

Martin Kulldorff, Lisa M. McShane, Arthur Schatzkin, Laurence S. Freedman, Michael J. Wargovich, Cindy Woods, Madhu Purewal, Randall W. Burt, Michael Lawson, Donna J. Mateski, Elaine Lanza, Donald K. Corle, Barbara O'Brien, James Moler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cell proliferation in the human colorectum can be measured using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) or proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) assays. Using data from the National Cancer Institute's Polyp Prevention Trial, these two assays are compared using correlation coefficients and variance components analysis. Adjusting for fixed as well as for the random effects of between-biopsy and scoring variation, the estimated correlation is 0.46 for the log labeling index and 0.45 for log proliferative height. This is an estimate of the highest correlation that can be achieved by taking multiple biopsies scored by multiple scorers. For single biopsies, the estimated correlation is 0.16 and 0.10, respectively. There are significant differences between the variance components for the two assays. For example, for log labeling index, PCNA has a lower variation between biopsies than BrdU, but higher variation between scorings. When used in a clinical or epidemiological setting, it is important to take multiple biopsies at multiple time points. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-883
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Volume53
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Biopsies
  • Colon adenomas
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Correlation
  • Variance components

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Kulldorff, M., McShane, L. M., Schatzkin, A., Freedman, L. S., Wargovich, M. J., Woods, C., Purewal, M., Burt, R. W., Lawson, M., Mateski, D. J., Lanza, E., Corle, D. K., O'Brien, B., & Moler, J. (2000). Measuring cell proliferation in the rectal mucosa: Comparing bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) assays. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 53(8), 875-883. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0895-4356(99)00180-8