Maxillomandibular growth 2 years after mandibular advancement surgery with and without suprahyoid myotomy in juvenile Macaca mulatta

David S. Carlson, Edward Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


There is conflict in the literature on whether continued and harmonious growth occurs after mandibular advancement in growing persons. The studies available are difficult to interpret because of the differing age ranges and the questionable growth potential inherent within the mandibular deficient patient. This study was performed to isolate the major question of interest to clinicians: Does the mandibular advancement surgical procedure inhibit future growth in a normally growing person? Six juvenile male Macaca mulatta monkeys were divided equally into two experimental groups. Group MAA had mandibular advancement surgery of approximately 4 mm. Group MAD had a similar surgical procedure with detachment of the suprahyoid musculature. All underwent 4 to 5 weeks of maxillomandibular fixation. Serial computerized cephalograms with the aid of bone markers were used to analyze the changes during a 2-year follow-up period. The postsurgical changes of the two experimental groups were compared statistically with control growth data on a large sample of normal Macaca mulatta animals available in our laboratory. The results showed the following. (1) There were significant short-term differences in the stability of the mandibular advancement between experimental groups. Group MAA (suprahyoid musculature attached) experienced significant relapse during the period of maxillomandibular fixation. Group MAD (suprahyoid musculature detached) experienced no relapse. (2) During the 2-year follow-up period after fixation, the rate and amount of mandibular growth in both experimental groups were not significantly different from age-matched controls or from each other. (3) At the end of the 2-year experimental period, the advanced mandibles were longer than the mandibles in age-matched controls. Thus the experimental animals tended to retain the surgically induced increase in mandibular length that was present after the period of maxillomandibular fixation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-502
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics


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