Massed Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence

Tara E. Galovski, Kimberly B. Werner, Terri L. Weaver, Kris L. Morris, Katherine A. Dondanville, John Nanney, Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Gina McGlinchey, Catherine B. Fortier, Katherine M. Iverson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) report significant trauma histories, high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), head injuries and comorbid disorders, and multiple barriers to treatment that often preclude the regular attendance and engagement required in typical therapy protocols. The significant challenges faced by IPV survivors needing treatment may be ameliorated by condensing effective treatments for PTSD, such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT), in an accelerated delivery timeline. Method: Using a multiple subject, single case design of six matched pairs of 12 female IPV survivors, we preliminarily tested the relative effectiveness of individual massed CPT delivered over 5 days (mCPT) as compared with standard CPT (sCPT) delivery in women IPV survivors. Assessments included full psychiatric diagnostic interviews, clinical interviews assessing trauma history and head injury prior to treatment, symptom monitoring during treatment, and full repeat assessments at 1 month and 3 months following treatment. Results: No treatment group effect was found for PTSD severity between mCPT and sCPT among intention-to-treat, F(1, 10) =.01, p =.93. Both mCPT and sCPT were associated with significant improvement in PTSD, F(2, 20) = 45.05, p <.001, ds = 1.32–2.38). Conclusion: Overall, findings indicate mCPT appears effective in reducing psychological symptoms for women IPV survivors and suggest that condensed treatment is both palatable and feasible. Accelerated treatment delivery in this population may provide a necessary lifeline for women with IPV-related PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-779
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Cognitive processing therapy
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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