Platelet-activating factor is the term used to denote a class of extremely potent lipid mediators that consist predominantly of 1-O-alkyl- and 1-O-acyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholines. A method has been devised for rapid isolation of these acetylated phospholipids by solid-phase extraction prior to direct derivatization with pentafluorobenzoic anhydride and analysis by gas chromatography (GC)/electron-capture mass spectrometry. Recovery through the entire method (lipid isolation, derivatization, and purification) typically ranged from 70% to 85%. Using the direct derivatization procedure described here, the practical limit of detection for each of the standard alkyl- and acyl-platelet-activating factor homologs was 1 fmol injected into the GC. Results from the application of the method to the analysis of alkyl and acyl homologs of platelet-activating factor isolated from stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells are presented, exhibiting excellent accuracy and precision for a wide range of tissue levels of this class of potent autacoids.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology