The ability of optically pure (+)- and (-)-trans-7,8-dihydroxy-7,8- dihydrobenzo(a)pyrene to initiate skin tumors in mice was determined with a two-stage tumorigenesis system. A single application of 50 to 200 nmoles of (+)- or (-)-trans-7,8-dihydroxy-7,-dihydrobenzo(a)pyrene to the backs of CD-1 mice followed by twice-weekly applications of 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate revealed that the (-)-enantiomer was 5- to 10-fold more potent than was the (+)-enantiomer as a tumor initiator at the three dosage levels tested. When the tumor-initiating activities of the (+)- and (-)-enantiomers of trans-7,8- dihydroxy-7,8-dihydrobenzo(a)pyrene were compared to the activity of benzo(a)pyrene at an equimolar dose, the (-)-enantiomer was more active while the (+)-enantiomer was considerably less active. This is the first report of differences in the carcinogenic activity between optical enantiomers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1977|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research