Breast cancer susceptibility gene 1(BRCA1) plays an important role in breast cancer development and progression. BRCA1 encodes a 1863-amino acid protein with two BRCA1 C-terminal (BRCT) domains at its C-terminus, BRCT1 and BRCT2. Many cancer-predisposing mutations are located in the BRCT domains, which have been shown to induce chromatin unfolding by use of an approach that allows visualization of large-scale chromatin structure through lac repressor/lac operator recognition. To map the important region of BRCT domain (amino acid residues 1642-1736), six deletion mutant constructs were made. The chromatin structure assay showed that amino acid residues 1691-1721 are involved in the induction of chromatin unfolding. To further localize the critical amino acid residues, ten alanine scanning mutant constructs were made. The chromatin structure assay demonstrated that the 1707IAGGK1711 region is critical for the chromatin unfolding activity. Based on the mapped important region, Blast analysis identified a novel homologous protein. Mapping of the BRCT1 domain may aid in the presymptomatic risk assessment and provide a valuable tool for further study on the BRCT1 structure and function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology|
|State||Published - Nov 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology