Manic symptom severity correlates with COMT activity in the striatum: A post-mortem study

Marco Bortolato, Consuelo Walss-Bass, Peter M. Thompson, Jackob Moskovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), which catalyses the degradation of dopamine and norepinephrine, is posited to participate in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia. In support of this notion, rich evidence has documented that the severity of various BD and schizophrenia symptoms is moderated by rs4680, a single nucleotide polymorphism of the COMT gene featuring a valine (Val)-to-methionine (Met) substitution that results in lower catalytic activity. Nevertheless, the specific relevance of COMT enzymatic activity in the pathophysiology of BD and schizophrenia dimensions remains elusive. Methods: We measured COMT catalytic activity in post-mortem prefrontal cortices, striata and cerebella of schizophrenia and BD patients, as well as non-affected controls. These values were then correlated with rs4680 genotypes and psychopathology scores in the last week of life. Results: No direct correlation between COMT activity and rs4680 genotypes was found; however, the severity of manic symptoms was highly correlated with COMT activity in the striatum, irrespective of the diagnostic group. Conclusions: These results suggest that COMT striatal activity, but not rs4680 genotype, may serve as a biomarker for manic symptoms. Future studies are warranted to confirm these findings and assess the neurobiological links between COMT striatal activity and manic symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2017

Keywords

  • Catechol-O-methyltransferase
  • bipolar disorder
  • manic symptoms
  • schizophrenia
  • single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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