Management of type 2 diabetes with oral semaglutide: Practical guidance for pharmacists

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10 Scopus citations


Purpose: To provide pharmacists with information on counseling patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) receiving oral semaglutide. Summary: Oral semaglutide, the first oral glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (GLP-1RA), was approved for the treatment of adults with T2D by the US Food and Drug Administration in September 2019. Semaglutide has been coformulated with the absorption enhancer sodium N-(8-[2-hydroxybenzoyl] amino) caprylate to improve bioavailability of semaglutide following oral administration. Oral semaglutide has been shown to have efficacy and safety profiles similar to those of other GLP-1RAs. Many patients with T2D have a complex oral medication regimen to manage their T2D and concomitant chronic comorbid conditions. Therefore, it is important that patients follow the dose administration instructions closely: oral semaglutide should be taken on an empty stomach upon waking with a sip (≤120 mL) of plain water and at least 30 minutes before the first food, beverage, or other oral medications of the day. The most common adverse effects of oral semaglutide are gastrointestinal (typically nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting). It is important for pharmacists to counsel patients prescribed oral semaglutide about optimal oral dosing, why correct dosing conditions are necessary, expected therapeutic response, and effective strategies to mitigate potential gastrointestinal adverse events. Conclusion: Information and practical strategies provided by pharmacists may facilitate initiation and maintenance of oral semaglutide therapy and ensure that each patient achieves an optimal therapeutic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-567
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021


  • diabetes mellitus
  • glucagon-like peptide 1
  • glucagon-like peptides
  • patient care
  • patient care management
  • pharmacists
  • pharmacy
  • type 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology


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