Management of Hepatolithiasis: Review of the Literature

Eric Lorio, Pavan Patel, Laura Rosenkranz, Sandeep N Patel, Hari Sayana

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: Hepatolithiasis is a disease characterized by intrahepatic stone formation. In this article, we review the features of this disease and explore the established and emerging treatment modalities. Recent Findings: Recent reports show an increasing prevalence of hepatolithiasis, likely owed to increased immigration and shifts in the Western diet. New pharmacotherapy options are limited and are often only supportive. Endoscopic intervention still cruxes on removal of impacted stones, though new techniques such as bile duct exploratory lithotomy and lithotripsy continue to advance management. Although hepatectomy of the effected portion of the liver offers definitive therapy, alternative less invasive modalities such as combined endoscopic/interventional radiology modalities have been utilized in select patients. Additionally, liver transplant serves as an option for otherwise incurable hepatolithiasis with coexisting liver dysfunction. Summary: Multiple emerging pharmacologic and procedural interventions may provide novel treatment for hepatolithiasis. While definitive therapy remains resection of affected liver segments, these modalities offer hope for less invasive approaches in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number30
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020


  • Cholangiohepatitis
  • Hepatolithiasis
  • Intrahepatic stones
  • Recurrent cholangitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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