Management and outcomes of scoliosis in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Ryan M. Antiel, John S. Riley, Patrick J. Cahill, Robert M. Campbell, Lindsay Waqar, Lisa M. Herkert, Natalie E. Rintoul, William H. Peranteau, Alan W. Flake, N. Scott Adzick, Holly L. Hedrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the management and outcomes of CDH patients with scoliosis. Methods From January 1996 to August 2015, 26 of 380 (7%) CDH patients were diagnosed with scoliosis. Six (23%) were prenatally diagnosed by ultrasound, and 9 (35%) were diagnosed postnatally. The remaining 11 (42%) developed scoliosis after discharge. Mean follow-up was 6.6 years. Results Among the 15 patients with congenital scoliosis, there were 2 (13%) perinatal deaths. Five of the 13 (38%) survivors required orthopedic surgery, and 2 have required bracing. The mean age at initial surgery was 7 years. These five children underwent an average of 2.8 (range 1–7) expansions or revisions. All surgical patients required supplemental oxygen at 28 days of life, and 1 required a tracheostomy. None of the 11 patients who developed scoliosis later in life required surgery, but 3 have required bracing. Six of the 11 (55%) required a patch repair for CDH compared to 158 of 264 (60%) CDH patients without scoliosis (p = 0.73). Conclusions Early diagnosis of scoliosis in CDH patients is associated with a high rate of surgery. There was not a higher incidence of patch repair among patients who developed scoliosis. Level of evidence Prognosis. Retrospective study, level II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1921-1925
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Scoliosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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