Background: Placement of expandable metallic stents (EMS) has been considered contraindicated for patients with malignant rectal obstruction within 5 cm of the anal verge because of the potential problems of anal pain. Objective: Our purpose was to investigate the technical feasibility, clinical effectiveness, and safety of EMS placement in patients with malignant rectal obstruction within 5 cm of the anal verge. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Single tertiary referral university hospital. Patients: The sites of obstruction included the rectum within 5 cm (range, 25-50 mm) of the anal verge in 16 patients (group A) and more than 5 cm (range, 53-74 mm) in 14 patients (group B). Interventions: Placement of 3 types of EMS. Main Outcome Measurements: Complications including pain were evaluated and compared between 2 groups with the Fisher exact test. Results: The overall technical success rate was 100%. Colon perforation occurred in 2 patients, who underwent emergency surgery. Ten (62.5%) of group A and 1 (7.1%) of group B complained of pain (P = .011). In 3 of the 10 patients in group A, the pain disappeared spontaneously within a week or was tolerated by the patients without use of analgesics, although the remaining 7 patients of group A and the 1 patient in group B needed analgesics until death or elective surgery. Limitations: Retrospective study. Conclusions: Placement of EMS in patients with malignant rectal obstruction within 5 cm of the anal verge seems feasible and relatively safe and may provide adequate palliation and preoperative decompression of obstruction symptoms. Anal pain was tolerable to the patients with or without use of analgesics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging