Magnetization and diffusion effects in NMR imaging of hyperpolarized substances

J. H. Gao, L. Lemen, J. Xiong, B. Patyal, P. T. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The special magnetization characteristics of hyperpolarized noble gases have led to an interest in using these agents for new MRI applications. In this note, the magnetization effects and NMR signal dependence of two noble gases, 3He and 129Xe, are modeled across a range of gradient-echo imaging parameters. Pulse-sequence analysis shows a wide variation in optimum flip angles between imaging of gas (e.g., 3He or 129Xe) in air spaces (e.g., trachea and lung) and in blood vessels. To optimize imaging of the air spaces, it is also necessary to reduce the otherwise substantial signal losses from diffusion effects by increasing voxel size. The possibility of using hyperpolarized 129Xe for functional MRI (fMRI) is discussed in view of the results from the blood flow analysis. The short-lived nature of the hyperpolarization opens up new possibilities, as well as new technical challenges, in its potential application as a blood-flow tracer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997


  • blood flow
  • diffusion
  • gas
  • magnetization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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