The expression of lung manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) mRNA and protein were examined in a premature baboon model of hyperoxia-induced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and BPD superimposed with bacterial infection. When 140-d gestation baboons were delivered by hysterotomy and treated for 16 d with appropriate ventilatory and oxygen support (pro re nada controls), there was an increase in both MnSOD mRNA and protein compared with 140-d or 156-d gestation, nonventilated controls. The concentration of MnSOD protein was also elevated when the prematurely delivered baboons were ventilated with a high fraction of inspired O2 to produce a primate homolog of BPD, but there was a significant decrease in the concentration of MnSOD mRNA in BPD animals compared with pro re nada controls. In the lungs of premature baboons in which Escherichia coli infection was superimposed on hyperoxia-induced BPD, MnSOD mRNA was diminished to approximately the same extent as in BPD alone, but MnSOD protein was significantly increased compared with all other groups. Taken together these data indicate that the premature baboon is capable of mounting an antioxidant response and that increased MnSOD protein expression in BPD and BPD-infected premature baboons is regulated, at least in part, at a posttranscriptional level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health