Lower Cerebrospinal Fluid Concentration of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Predicts Progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Alzheimer’s Disease

Orestes Vicente Forlenza, Breno Satler Diniz, Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Marcia Radanovic, Leda Leme Talib, Natalia Pessoa Rocha, Wagner Farid Gattaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is little information on the dynamics of BDNF in the CSF in the continuum between healthy aging, MCI and AD. We included 128 older adults (77 with amnestic MCI, 26 with AD and 25 healthy controls). CSF BDNF level was measured by ELISA assay, and AD biomarkers (Aβ42, T-Tau and P-Tau181) were measured using a Luminex xMAP assay. CSF BDNF levels were significantly reduced in AD subjects compared to MCI and healthy controls (p = 0.009). Logistic regression models showed that lower CSF BDNF levels (p = 0.008), lower CSF Aβ42 (p = 0.005) and lower MMSE scores (p = 0.007) are significantly associated with progression from MCI to AD. The present study adds strong evidence of the involvement of BDNF in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative changes in AD. Interventions aiming to restore central neurotrophic support may represent future therapeutic targets to prevent or delay the progression from MCI to AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-332
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroMolecular Medicine
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Biomarkers
  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Pathophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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