Low levels of antigenic variability in fluconazole-susceptible and - resistant Candida albicans isolates from human immunodeficiency virus- infected patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis

Jose L. Lopez-Ribot, Robert K. McAtee, William R. Kirkpatrick, Roberto La Valle, Thomas F. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three serial isolates of Candida albicans were obtained by direct swab or by oral saline rinses from each of five human immunodeficiency virus- infected patients with recurrent oropharyngeal candidiasis. Genotyping techniques confirmed the presence of a persistent strain in multiple episodes from the same patient, which was different from the strains isolated from other patients. Fluconazole susceptibility was determined by both an agar dilution method and the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards macrobroth procedure. In four of these patients the strains developed fluconazole resistance, and in one patient the strain remained susceptible. The different isolates were propagated as yeast cells on a synthetic medium, and their cell wall proteinaceous components were extracted by treatment with β-mercaptoethanol. Protein and mannoprotein components present in the extracts were analyzed by electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and lectin- blotting techniques. The analysis showed a similar composition, with only minor qualitative and quantitative differences in the polypeptidic and antigenic patterns associated with the cell wall extracts from serial isolates from the same patient, as well as those from different strains isolated from different patients. Use of monospecific antibodies generated against two immunodominant antigens during candidiasis (enolase and the 58- kDa fibrinogen-binding mannoprotein) demonstrated their expression in all isolates tested. Overall, the antigenic makeup of C. albicans strains remained constant during the course of infection and was not affected by development of fluconazole resistance. In contrast to previous reports, the low degree of antigenic variability observed in this study may be due to the fact that the isolates were obtained from a highly homogeneous population of patients and to the uniformity in techniques used for the isolation, storage, and culture of the different strains, as well as extraction methodologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-670
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Low levels of antigenic variability in fluconazole-susceptible and - resistant Candida albicans isolates from human immunodeficiency virus- infected patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this