Based upon the observation that the multivalent ligand cationized ferritin (CF) alters the cell surface distribution of anionic domains and significantly enhances the adsorptive endocytosis of 125I-labeled human serum albumin, these studies were undertaken to probe the influence of CF on receptor-mediated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) endocytosis and the nature of the mechanisms involved. A brief 1-min exposure of normal receptor upregulated fibroblasts to CF (0.2 mg/ml) resulted in a significant decrease (P < 0.001) in the subsequent internalization and degradation of 125I-LDL. Studies with receptor downregulated normal fibroblasts indicated that CF pretreatment did not measurably influence 125I-LDL internalization and only slightly inhibited its degradation (P < 0.05). In contrast, CF pretreatment of FH receptor-negative mutant skin fibroblasts resulted in a modest but significant increase in both 125I-LDL internalization and degradation (P < 0.05). Scatchard analyses of binding data indicated that CF-pretreated upregulated normal fibroblasts exhibit a single class of LDL binding sites with an affinity, Kd = 24.7 ± 4.1 nM, almost 10-fold lower than the affinity of binding sites in untreated controls, Kd = 3.2 ± 0.06 nM. Increasing either the concentration or the duration of CF exposure resulted in additional inhibition of LDL internalization and degradation associated primarily with a decrease in the number of LDL binding sites without any further change in binding affinity. Total cellular LDL receptor-mediated binding, measured using an octylglucoside solubilization-filtration assay, confirmed the CF-induced decrease in high-affinity LDL binding. Pulse-chase experiments showed that CF had no direct influence on LDL degradation, nor did it influence targeting of the LDL-containing endosome toward exocytosis. Further, restoration of LDL receptor function to control values after CF pretreatment required de novo protein synthesis. The normal feedback inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase activity was nearly abolished by CF pretreatment. Additionally, CF pretreatment was found to induce not only a redistribution of surface anionic sites, but also a very rapid internalization of surface components labeled with 4,4′-[3H]diisothiocyano-1,2-diphenylethane-2,2′-disulfonic acid. It is concluded that the inhibitory influence of CF on LDL endocytosis is mediated via a decrease in the affinity and in the number of functional LDL receptors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry